ab initio

Pronunciation:/ˌab ɪˈnɪʃɪəʊ/

Meaning: from the beginning


Meaning: a living creature other than a human being

Usage: Section 47 of the Indian Penal Code, 1860


Pronunciation: /dɪˈveləpmənt/

Meaning: The act or process of developing or growing or causing to develop; The process of being developed.



Meaning: The circumstances, objects, conditions etc, by which one is surrounded; a surrounding


  1. Article 21 of the Constitution of India
  2. Article 48A of the Constitution of India
  3. Article 51A of the Constitution of India
  4. Environment (Protection) Act, 1986


Meaning: a widespread occurrence of an infectious disease in a community at a particular time


  1. Epidemic Diseases Act, 1897
  2. Epidemic Diseases (Amendment) Ordinance, 2020

Force Majeure


Meaning: an unforceeable and unavoidable circumstance which is not under the control of a party to that contract. It includes both act og God and act of Humans

Vis Major

Pronunciation: vis mey-jer

Meaning: An overwhelming, unanticipated, and unpreventable event, usually caused by a natural force, the occurrence of which may exempt a party from performing the obligations of a contract.