When we talk about human existence on this planet the very second considerable aspect will be of women. The cause behind all kind of societies, providing identities to human from the very origin is struggling for her identity at her own build place. From nurturing the human race to adjusting all her life to contribute towards making them up somewhere she also compromised a lot towards her status in the society; where she is always been used to symbolize weak. She is being suppressed from so long that it will take a massive effort of her to rise up. When we say violence; it majorly draws our attention towards women, now it became a word which gets easily associated with women itself. The social taboos created by the society made her so down that now she is fighting for her name from home to work.
Her abilities are always judged on the basis of her gender. Every girl taking birth is being taught that she is lesser than a male in every second field, her work went limited to kitchen, food and taking care of children at a point of time, all adjustments were expected from her otherwise she would have been called a shame on her own gender. And women too rarely opposed her suppression and the one who did were scratched with violence; they were threw in the crevices of pain call it physical, mental or emotional. Most of the unaware women consider violence as a part of their life, they don’t even realize that it needs a harsh opposition otherwise unlike other communicable diseases it will be spread and cause suffocation to women’s existence. This world underestimated women at such extent that her denials faced brutal violence like acid attacks and rapes just because deep down a women’s no is not expected in this patriarchal society.
Violence against women includes all forms of physical violence, sexual violence and abuse, psychological violence, economic violence and harassment. Some other form of violence against women include harassment ,rape and other forms of assault , child marriage , human trafficking , female genital mutilation , a lack of reproductive rights , social norms that devalue women and discriminatory laws that disenfranchise women.
The number of women who report having been victims of violence in their lifetimes and those who report violence in the past year is high in many countries. Across OECD (The Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development) countries, 22% of women report having experienced physical or sexual violence from an intimate partner in their lifetimes, with more than 4% of women having experienced intimate partner violence in the past year. More than one third of women in New Zealand, the United States and Turkey report having experienced interpersonal violence from a partner. For most women who have experienced physical or sexual violence, the perpetrator is someone they know, rather than a stranger.
OECD social institutions and Gender Index 2019 shows that social norms and legal framework can either drive processes of social transformation or act as social barriers to women’s empowerment. Despite years of advocacy to protect women’s physical integrity, legislative progress has been uneven across OCED countries. In 14 countries, the legal framework protects women from violence, including intimate partner violence, rape and sexual harassment, without any legal exception. In 16 OECD countries, survivors of violence still face legal obstacles: one country still allows reduced penalties in case of so called honor killing; in four countries domestic violence is not a criminal offense; in 11 countries, the law provides legal protection from sexual harassment but does not include criminal penalties. SIGI( Social Institution and Gender Index) 2019 shows that within OCED countries ,8% of women says that a husband may be justified in hitting or beating his wife , from 1% or less in Denmark and Ireland to up to 18% in Korea and 20% in Germany . In emerging economies, acceptance of violence against women can be much higher – 34% of women in Indonesia and 61% of women South Africa say that spousal violence can be justified.
Most women who use public transport feel exposed to physical or verbal aggression, sexual harassment and other forms of violence or unwelcome behavior, leading to personal stress and physical harm. On average across OECD countries, almost one woman in three reports not feeling safe, when walking alone at night, compared to one in five for men. Women feel safer in Iceland, Norway, Slovenia, Spain and Switzerland, where less than one in five women do not feel safe. By contrast, in Latin America, around six women out of ten report not feeling safe. Women from Brazil and South Africa report the highest shares at above 70%.
Where as if we talk about the dignity of women in India numerous cases of rape across the country are facing failure of the criminal justice system. Nearly six years after the government amended laws and brought new guidelines and policies for the justice of the survivors of rape and sexual violence, girls and women continue to face barriers to reporting such crimes. This lazy implementation and long process of justice make girls and women from marginalized communities even more vulnerable to harassment and threats. But at the same time educated women is understanding the need of their growth in the society and the outburst of their voices to stop the increasing crime rate against them. During September some very famous women from media and entertainment industry shared their stories of workplace sexual harassment and assault, as a part of #metoo movement.
These public accounts naming the accused, highlighted the failures of due process, lack of mental health services and support for survivors, and the urgent need to fully implement the Sexual Harassment of Women at workplace, 2013.
The National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) has released the annual Crime in India report 2017 on October 28 after delay of two years. According to this report, a total of 3,59,849 cases were reported against women in 2017. In comparison, in 2016 3.38 lakh cases of crime were registered against women. While looking at state wise data, Uttar Pradesh has again topped the list with 56,011 cases of crime against women. It is followed by Maharastra with 31,979 cases and West Bengal at 30,002. Crime against women constitutes murder, rape, dowry death, suicide abetment, acid attack, cruelty against women and kidnapping. ‘Cruelty by husband or his relatives ‘accounts for 27.9 percent of the crimes against women. Majority of the cases filed under this IPC section shedding light on the high prevalence of domestic violence in the country.
The miserable and pitiful condition of women in this world cannot be ignored , we need to empower women so that she could stand with men to contribute in other sections for building a prosperous world and nations because this condition of women is directly or indirectly affecting the other socio-economic factors of a nation as a whole. The only way for the betterment is the need of law relating to women, and the proper amendments in the existing laws so that they do well on the grounds. As in our country it has been described in Article 51a under part IV A in the 42nd amendment in the year 1946; which is completely dedicated to the Fundamental duties of the citizens under which it is an Indian citizen’s duty to renounce practices derogatory to the dignity of women.
Strict laws against women’s all forms of violence and fast tracking the processes involved in punishing the accuse will definitely bring change in the current situation of women. The stricter laws and their effective implementation; the more control over the inhuman activities against the women will take place. Her education should also be considered as a necessary element for a developing country where she can stand on her own and can help and empower other women coming after her. An educated and aware woman knows what her rights and duties are better mentality among the people of this world will help her to grow and come out of the cage she is being kept in; for so long.